Praktek-Praktek Operasi Pabrik Berbasis Pembangunan Berkelanjutan Pada Industri Pengolahan Kelapa Sawit

  • Ridzky Kramanandita
Keywords: palm oil industry, sustainable development, utilization of waste


Palm oil industry is known as an industry that significantly contributes to the national economic growth. Nonetheless, the industry also produces a great waste. At this time, environmental issues have become a global issue, including within the palm oil industry. There is accusation that palm oil mills has created environmental problems due to the amount of contaminated waste discharged into the environment. To remain competitive, the industry need to meet quality standards through the implementation of sustainable development approach. Palm oil industry development should be coupled with knowledge development of environmental management. The industry currently produces biomass in a large quantity; TBK, fiber, and shells. With this large biomass, the industry has a potential to produce value-added by products. The aim of this study is to identify and analyze the processes required to treat TBS become a CPO; to identify and analyze the energy balance on TBS become a CPO processing; and to identify and analyze alternatives utilization of wastes resulting from the processing of TBS into CPO.


Ahmed, Y., Yaakob, Z., Akhtar, P., Sopian, K. (2014). Production of biogas and performance evaluation of existing treatment processes in palm oil mill effluent (POME). Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 42, 1260–1278
Ali, A.M.A., Othman, M.R., Shirai,Y., Hassan, M.A. (2014). Sustainable and integrated palm oil biorefinery concept with value-addition of biomass and zero emission system. Journal of Cleaner Production. In Press, Available online 16 December 2014
Amelia, L., Wahab, D.A., Hassan, A. (2009). Modelling of palm oil production using fuzzy expert system. Expert Systems with Applications, 36 (5), 8735–8749
Baharuddin, A.S., Hock, L.S., Yusof, M.Z.M., Rahman, N.A.A., Shah, U.K.M., Hassan, M.A., Wakisaka, M., Sakai, K., Shirai, Y. (2010). Effects of palm oil mill effluent (POME) anaerobic sludge from 500 m3 of closed anaerobic methane digested tank on pressed-shredded empty fruit bunch (EFB) composting process. African Journal of Biotechnology, 9 (16), 2427-2436
Chin, M.J., Poh, P.E., Tey, B.T., Chan, E.S., Chin, K.L. (2013). Biogas from palm oil mill effluent (POME): Opportunities and challenges from Malaysia's perspective. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 26, 717–726
Ferguson, M.E. and Toktay, L.B. (2006). The effect of competition on recovery strategies. Production and Operation Management, 15, 351–368
Harsono, S.S., Grundman, P., Soebronto, S. (2014). Anaerobic treatment of palm oil mill effluents: potential contribution to net energy yield and reduction of greenhouse gas emissions from biodiesel production. Journal of Cleaner Production, 64, 619-627
Ludin, N.A., Bakri, M.A.M., Kamaruddin, N., Sopian, K., Deraman, M.S., Hamid, N.H., Asim, N Othman, M.Y. (2014). Malaysian oil palm plantation sector: exploiting renewable energy toward sustainability production. Journal of Cleaner Production, 65, 9-15
Mahlia, T.M.I., Abdulmuin, M.Z., Alamsyah, T.M.I., Mukhlishien, D. (2001). An alternative energy source from palm wastes industry for Malaysia and Indonesia. Energy Conversion and Management, 42 (18), 2109–2118
Nipattummakul, N., Ahmed, I.I., Kerdsuwan, S., Gupta, A.K. (2012). Steam gasification of oil palm trunk waste for clean syngas production. Applied Energy, 92, 778–782
Rincon, L.E., Moncada, J., Cardona, C.A. (2014). Analysis of potential technological schemes for the development of oil palm industry in Colombia: A biorefinery point of view. Industrial Crops and Products, 52, 457–465
Sulaiman, F., Abdullah, N., Gerhauser, H., Shariff, A. (2011). An outlook of Malaysian energy, oil palm industry and its utilization of wastes as useful resources. Biomass and Bioenergy, 35 (9), 3775–3786
Tan, K.T., Lee, K.T., Mohamed, A.R., Bhatia, S. (2009). Palm oil: Addressing issues and towards sustainable development. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 13 (2), 420–427
Wu, T.Y., Mohammad, A.W., Jahim, J.M., Anuar, N. (2009). A holistic approach to managing palm oil mill effluent (POME): Biotechnological advances in the sustainable reuse of POME. Biotechnology Advances, 27 (1), 40–52
Yoshizaki, T., Shirai, Y., Hassan, M.A., Baharuddin, A.S., Abdullah, N.P.R., Sulaiman, A., Busu, Z., (2013). Improved economic viability of integrated biogas energy and compost production for sustainable palm oil mill management. Journal of Cleaner Production, 44, 1–7
How to Cite
KramananditaR. (2019). Praktek-Praktek Operasi Pabrik Berbasis Pembangunan Berkelanjutan Pada Industri Pengolahan Kelapa Sawit . Jurnal Ilmiah Teknologi Industri, 1(2). Retrieved from